Regimental History from Frederick Dyer's A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
Organized at Camp William Penn, near Philadelphia, Pa., July 28 to September 12, 1863. Moved from Philadelphia to Fort Monroe, Va., October 14; thence to Yorktown, Va. Attached to United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to January, 1864. 2nd Brigade, United States Forces, Yorktown, Va., 18th Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to August, 1865. Dept. of North Carolina to September, 1865.
Duty at Yorktown till May, 1864.
Wild's Expedition to South Mills and Camden Court House, N. C., December 5-24, 1863.
Wistar's Expedition against Richmond February 2-6, 1864.
Expedition to New Kent Court House in aid of Kilpatrick's Cavalry March 1-4.
New Kent Court House March 2.
Williamsburg March 4.
Expedition into King and Queen County March 9-12.
Expedition into Matthews County March 17-21.
Butler's operations south of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 15.
Capture of City Point May 4.
Fatigue duty at City Point and building Fort Converse on Appomattox River till June 15.
Attack on Fort Converse May 20.
Before Petersburg June 15-18.
Bailor's Farm June 15.
Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 15 to December 17.
In trenches before Petersburg and fatigue duty at Dutch Gap Canal till August 27.
Moved to Deep Bottom August 27.
Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 29-30.
Fort Harrison September 29.
Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
In trenches before Richmond till December.
1st Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., December 7-27.
2nd Expedition to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 7-15.
Bombardment of Fort Fisher January 13-15.
Assault and capture of Fort Fisher January 15.
Sugar Loaf Hill January 19.
Sugar Loaf Battery February 11.
Fort Anderson February 18-20.
Capture of Wilmington February 22.
Northeast Ferry February 22.
Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26.
Advance on Kinston and Goldsboro March 6-21.
Occupation of Goldsboro March 21.
Cox's Bridge March 23-24.
Advance on Raleigh April 9-14.
Occupation of Raleigh April 14.
Bennett's House April 26.
Surrender of Johnston and his army.
Duty in the Dept. of North Carolina till September.
Mustered out September 20, 1865.
Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, 1869-1871. Vol. 5, pp. 943-964.
Montgomery, Horace. "A Union Officer's Recollection of the Negro Soldier," Pennsylvania History 28 (April 1961): 156-186.
Paradis, James M. "Strike the Blow: A Study of the Sixth Regiment of United States Colored Infantry." PhD diss., Temple University, 1995.
_____. Strike the Blow for Freedom: The 6th United States Colored Infantry in the Civil War. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane, 1998.
Sauers, Richard A. Advance the Colors!: Pennsylvania Civil War Battle Flags. Harrisburg: Capitol Preservation Committee, 1987. Vol. 1, p. 45-47.
Zollars, Candice. "They Laid Down Their Lives for Their Flag: The Sixth U.S. Colored Troops." Military Images (Summer 2015): 25-28.
Published Primary Sources:
Asher, Jeremiah. Incidents in the Life of the Reb. J. Asher, Pastor of Shiloh (Coloured) Baptist Church, Philadelphia. London: Charles Gilpin, 1850.
Asher, Jeremiah, to Abraham Lincoln, September 7, 1863. Reproduced in Lincoln Editor 14 (July-Sept. 2014): 7.
Golding, Joseph H. "Col. Goulding's Address: The Colored Troops in the War of the Rebellion." Proceedings of the Reunion Solciety of Vermont Officers. Burlington: Free Press, 1906. Vol. 2, pp. 137-154.
Harkness, Edson J. "The Expeditions Against Fort Fisher and Wilmington." In Military Essays and Recollections (MOLLUS, IL, Vol. 2). Chicago: McClurg, 1894. pp. 145-188.
_____. "Reflections Concerning the War." In Military Essays and Recollections (MOLLUS, IL, Vol. 4). Chicago: McClurg, 1907. pp. 522-543.
McMurray, John. Recollections of a Colored Troop. 1916; reprint, Brookville, PA: McMurray, 1994.
Manuscript Collections at the U.S. Army Military History Institute:
Ames, John W. - HCWRTColl-GACColl
Covelle, Harvey J. - HCWRTColl-SteljesColl
Kelly, Alexander - HCWRTColl
Stults, Marcus A. – CWMiscColl